Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Practices Glossary

Glossary of Terms

Gain a deeper understanding.

By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you can gain a deeper understanding of the principles and approaches that promote sustainability in agriculture, food systems, and the built environment.

Agroecology & Biodiversity

Agroecology is sustainable farming that integrates ecological principles, while biodiversity is the variety of life and ecosystems on Earth, essential for functioning and human well-being.


Agroforestry is a land use system that combines agricultural crops or livestock with trees and shrubs, promoting biodiversity, soil health, and sustainable land management.

Circular Economy

The circular economy is an economic model that aims to minimize waste and maximize the efficient use of resources by promoting recycling, reusing, and repairing products rather than disposing of them after use.

Food Sovereignty

Food sovereignty is the right of individuals and communities to have control over their own food systems, ensuring access to healthy and culturally appropriate food while prioritizing the needs of small-scale farmers and marginalized groups.

Global Risk Mitigation

Global risk mitigation refers to the efforts and strategies implemented on a global scale to reduce or manage various types of risks that could have significant negative impacts on societies, economies, and the environment.


Genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism to which biotechnology has been applied. This creates combinations of plant, animal, bacteria and virus genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.

Organic Farming

Organic farming is a method of agriculture that avoids the use of synthetic chemicals and emphasizes the use of natural inputs and sustainable practices to cultivate crops and raise livestock.


Permaculture is an ecological design system that aims to create sustainable and self-sufficient human habitats by mimicking natural ecosystems.

Regenerative Agriculture

Regenerative agriculture focuses on restoring and enhancing the health of agricultural systems, promoting soil regeneration, biodiversity, and resilience while reducing reliance on external inputs.

Seed Conservation

Seed conservation is the practice of collecting, preserving, and protecting seeds to maintain genetic diversity and ensure the availability of plant species for future generations.

Sustainable Construction & Architecture

Sustainable construction and architecture prioritize environmental responsibility, resource efficiency, and occupant well-being to create environmentally-friendly and energy-efficient buildings and infrastructure.

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable tourism aims to minimize negative environmental, social, and cultural impacts, while maximizing the benefits for local communities and preserving natural and cultural heritage.

Water Conservation

Water conservation involves reducing water usage and optimizing water resources to address water scarcity and ensure sustainable water management.